What are the world's famous volcanoes? Volcanoes are the windows of the fiery core of the earth. The most explosive force on the earth can eject a variety of substances when erupting. Volcanoes are divided into active volcanoes, dead volcanoes and dormant volcanoes. This article lists the world's ten famous volcanoes and the world's famous volcanoes, including Cleveland Volcano, Pakaya Volcano, Mount Fuji, Merapi Volcano, Yasur Volcano, Kolima Volcano, etc., hoping to help you.
- Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji is the highest peak in Japan and one of the important national symbols of Japan. It is also an active volcano across Shizuoka and Yamanashi counties. It is known as "Furong Peak" or "Fuyue" and "the second highest mountain". Mount Fuji in Japan is conical in shape, and the top of the mountain is covered with snow for years; The foot of the mountain is 3775.63 meters high, and the circumference of the bottom of the mountain is 125 kilometers, covering an area of about 1200 square kilometers. There are five freshwater lakes around, collectively known as the "Fuji Five Lakes". Mount Fuji is a sacred mountain with natural charm, beauty and solemnity in the Japanese mind. It has been the theme of praise by Japanese writers since ancient times and is Japan's 17th world heritage.
Address: between Shizuoka Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan
- Cleveland Volcano
Cleveland Volcano is located in the Aleutian Islands in the central part of Alaska. It is an active volcano and a stratovolcano. The latest eruption was in 2011. Cleveland Volcano, 1730 meters above sea level, is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian Islands. It belongs to layered volcano, which is composed of multi-layer hardened lava, volcanic ash and volcanic rocks. The magma erupted from Cleveland volcano is provided by the moving Pacific plate cutting down into the North American continental plate.
Address: Alaska, North America
- Pakaya volcano
Pacaya Volcano is a compound active volcano located in Guatemala, located on the Central American volcanic arc along the Pacific Ocean, with an altitude of 2252 meters and a straight-line distance of about 20 kilometers from the ancient city of Antigua, the World Heritage Site, and the Guatemalan capital, La Aurora International Airport. It is one of the most active volcanoes in the country's 33 volcanoes. The Pacaya volcano first erupted 23000 years ago, and has erupted at least 23 times since Spain colonized Central America in the 16th century. The last eruption occurred in 2010. The landslide caused by the eruption resulted in two deaths and many injuries.
Address: Guatemala, North America
- Mayon volcano
Mount Mayon is an active volcano located in the southeast of Luzon Island, Philippines. Its nearly perfect conical mountain, known as "the most perfect cone", is the world's complete volcano. Mount Fuji in Japan is second only to it. It is often compared with Mount Fuji in Japan. It is a famous tourist attraction in the Philippines. Recently, it has been on the verge of eruption for many times. Although the Philippine government evacuated nearby residents, it has attracted many volcanic enthusiasts and photographers who want to see the perfect volcanic eruption scene.
Address: Bicor Peninsula, southeastern Luzon, Philippines
- Mount Etna
Etna volcano is called Aetna in Latin and Mongibello in Sicilian. It is an active volcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, with an altitude of more than 3200 meters. It is an active volcano with a higher altitude in Europe. The name of Mount Etna comes from the Greek Atine, which means "I'm burning". Like other active volcanoes, the height of Mount Etna is constantly changing. The eruption of Mount Etna is very active, with more than 20 eruptions since 2007, resulting in nearly 1 million casualties. The Italian government has set up several monitoring stations to monitor the volcanic state. Frequent volcanic eruptions bring extremely fertile soil and a large number of tourism resources.
Address: East coast of Sicily, Italy
- Virunga Mountains
The Virunga Mountains is a volcanic group in East Africa, located at the border of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu. It is composed of eight major volcanoes, is part of the Great Rift Valley in East Africa, and is also a mountain gorilla habitat listed in the IUCN Red List. The highest of the eight major volcanic peaks is Kaliximbi, with an altitude of 4507 meters. The name of Velonga can be derived from the Swahili language. The earlier name of mfurbiro is more commonly used. Today, the name of mfurbiro is still used in Uganda.
Address: Central Africa
- Biarica volcano
Biarica volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in Chile. It is part of the Andes, with an altitude of 2847 meters. The last eruption occurred in 2011. On March 3, 2015, Chile's National Emergency Affairs Office said that the Biarica volcano in southern Chile began to erupt in the early morning of March 3, 2015, leading to the evacuation of more than 3000 residents in nearby villages.
- Kawaizhen volcano
Kawaizhen Volcano is located in the east of Java Island, Indonesia. It is a 20-kilometer-wide crater composed of several small compound volcanoes. The northern wall of the crater is an arc ridge, and the other parts are composed of various craters. To the west of Mount Merapi is the famous active volcano Kawaizhen, which has a crater lake about 1km wide. The crater is famous for its rich sulfur and is a famous tourist attraction. With a depth of 200 meters and an area of 0.41 square kilometers, the volcanic lake is recognized as the most acidic volcanic lake in the world, with a Ph value of only 0.5.
Address: East Java, Indonesia
- Kodapahi volcano
Kodapahi volcano is a layered volcano, located in Ecuador on the western slope of the eastern Cordillera in the northern section of the Andes in South America, at the junction of Cotapahi and Picincha provinces, 50 kilometers southeast of Quito, 56 kilometers north of Quito. Kodopahi volcano is 5897 meters high, ranking the second highest among the volcanoes in the country. It is one of the highest active volcanoes in the world. On August 15, 2015, a small-scale eruption occurred at Kodopahi volcano. On September 21, 2015, the Kodopahi volcano erupted again, and a large amount of volcanic ash soared into the sky. President Rafael Correa of Ecuador declared a state of emergency and the authorities issued a yellow warning.
Address: 56 kilometers south of Quito, the capital of Ecuador
- Kilauea volcano
Kilauea volcano is located in the southeast of Hawaii Island in the United States. It is the most active volcano in the world and still erupts frequently. There is a huge caldera on the top of the mountain, with a diameter of 4027 meters and a depth of more than 130 meters, including many volcanoes. Kilauea volcano is one of the largest and more spectacular craters in the world, and has not stopped erupting since 1983. The tourist conditions of Kilauea volcano are gradually improved, which is convenient for tourists to watch. In the past, people had to walk more than 6 kilometers back and forth to see the boiling lava with their own eyes. Now they only need to walk a short distance.
Address: Southeast of Hawaii, USA