A museum is a place to collect, display and study objects representing natural and human cultural heritage. To visit a museum in a place can better understand the cultural history of the place and let us know the glory created by the past of the city. So what do you know about the world famous museums?
- Louvre, France
The Louvre is located on the north bank of the Seine River in the center of Paris, France, and ranks first among the four major museums in the world. Founded in 1204, it was originally the royal palace of France, where 50 French kings and queens lived. It is one of the most precious buildings in the French Renaissance and is famous for its rich collection of classical paintings and sculptures. The Louvre Museum covers an area of 198 hectares and is divided into new and old parts. The pyramid-shaped glass entrance in front of the museum covers an area of 24 hectares and is designed by the Chinese architect I.M. Pei. On August 10, 1793, the Louvre Museum of Art officially opened to the public and became a museum. The Louvre has become a world-famous art palace, one of the largest art treasuries, and the world-famous palace of treasures.
Address: right bank of Seine River, Paris, France
- Vatican Museum
The Vatican Museum is located in the Vatican, a Catholic country in the center of Rome, and is the smallest national museum in the world. The Vatican Museum has six kilometers of exhibition space, and the famous Sistine Chapel is the third or fourth art palace in Europe. The Vatican Museum took shape as early as the 5th century AD; In the 16th century, the museum and St. Peter's Cathedral were expanded at the same time, with a total area of 5.5 hectares, which is 1/13 of the Palace Museum. The exhibition area is similar to the Palace Museum. The Vatican Museum, with 12 galleries and 5 art galleries, gathers ancient relics of Greece and Rome, as well as the essence of Renaissance art. Most of them are priceless.
Address: North of St. Peter's Church, Vatican, Rome, Italy
- New York Metropolitan Museum
The Metropolitan Museum of Art is located on the 82nd Street of the Fifth Avenue in New York, covering an area of 130000 square meters. It is one of the five largest museums in the world, which is as famous as the Palace Museum in Beijing, the British Museum in London, the Louvre in Paris, France, and the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia, and together with the United Nations Headquarters in New York, The former (Metropolitan Museum) records the past of mankind (or the world), while the latter (United Nations Headquarters) depicts or plans and looks forward to the future of the world or mankind. The museum has a total collection of 3 million exhibits. It is the largest museum in the world.
Address: 82 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan, New York, USA
- British Museum, London
The British Museum is located in Russell Square, north of New Oxford Street, London, England. The museum was founded in 1753 and officially opened to the public on January 15, 1759. It is a comprehensive museum with a long history and a grand scale in the world. The museum has collected many cultural relics and treasures from all over the world as well as the manuscripts of many great scientists. The rich and varied collections are rare in museums around the world. The British Museum has more than 8 million collections. Due to space constraints, 99% of the collections were not publicly displayed. On August 10, 2018, the British Museum held a private ceremony to return eight objects about 5000 years old to the Iraqi Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Saleh Hussein Ali.
Address: London, UK
- Tate Gallery
Tate Modern Art Museum is the largest and most famous modern art hall in Britain. It mainly displays world-class modern art since the 20th century. It is located on the south bank of the Thames, facing St. Paul's Cathedral across the river, and connected by the Millennium Bridge across the Thames. It also has a sister museum, the Tate British Art Museum, which displays classical art collections. The art gallery, which is covered by brown brick walls on the outside and has a steel structure on the inside, was originally a magnificent power plant. The towering chimney is its symbol. Today's Tate Modern Art Museum is rebuilt by two young Swiss architects, Jacqes Herzog and Pierre de Meuron.
Address: London, UK
- British National Gallery
The British National Art Museum is located near Trafalgar Square. When it was founded in 1824, it only had 38 paintings of Rembrandt, Rall and others that George IV persuaded the government to buy. Later, it has gradually expanded into a national art museum focusing on painting collection. The exhibits of the National Gallery of Fine Arts are mainly small and medium sized works. In chronological order, up to 2300 of the world's top paintings from the 13th century to the 19th century are displayed, the most famous of which is Van Gogh's Sunflower. In addition, Taylor's "Dreadnought", Botticelli's "Venus and the God of War", Leonardo da Vinci's "Virgin of the Rocks", and Monet's original works are all extremely valuable.
Address: due north of Trafalgar Square in central London, UK
- British Museum of Natural History
The British Museum of Natural History is located in South Kensington, near Hyde Park, southwest of central London. The total building area of the museum is more than 40000 square meters. There are about 70 million specimens from all over the world, including 28 million insect specimens. The museum has about 40 million specimens of animals, plants, rocks and minerals from all over the world, including more than 7 million specimens of fossils of paleontology, 500000 kinds of books and periodicals in the library, and a large number of early natural research manuscripts, drawings and other precious articles. There are 20 large exhibition halls in the museum, including six aspects of paleontology, minerals, plants, animals, ecology and human beings. The central hall is the exhibition hall of modern life science, which introduces the knowledge of evolution and anthropology with three-dimensional landscape and display cabinets.
Address: London, UK
- American Museum of Natural History
The American Museum of Natural History is the largest natural history museum in the world and one of the major natural history research and education centers in the United States. The museum was founded in 1869 and is located in New York, the United States. It covers a total area of more than 7 hectares. The building is in classical form. Its collection of paleontology and anthropology ranks first among the museums in the world. In addition to the specimens collected from the United States, representative specimens from South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia are also collected. The contents of the exhibition are extremely rich, including astronomy, minerals, human, paleontology and modern biology, and a large number of fossils, dinosaurs, birds, Indians and Eskimo reproduction models. The precious stones, molluscs and marine biological specimens are particularly valuable.
Address: Manhattan, New York, USA